William Morris (1834-1896) was an English textile designer, artist, writer, typographer, socialist and member of the English Arts and Crafts Movement.
Through his textile designs produced by his company Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co and his other works and writings on interior design, he has influenced the field more than anyone else. As a typographer and founder of the Kelmscott Press he had a lasting influence on typography and graphic design. His utopian novel News From Nowhere is today considered a classic, while during his life he was mostly known as a poet, political activist and supporter of traditional crafts.
His prose romances, a series of fantasy novels written during the last years of his life have been an important influence on authors like J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. Although they are little known today, they have been fundamental for the development of British fantasy literature.